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Sonatype Nexus IQ Server vs Git Hub Enterprise Security

Background

Security has become the top priority for many organizations whether dealing at the network, transport, application layer, or any other layer,. With this in mind, it is essential to concentrate on extending security capabilities of the business applications to facilitate safe collaboration with minimum utilization of admin’s resources and time. Here is the comparison between Sonatype Nexus IQ Server vs Git Hub Enterprise.

For a number of different factors, multiple companies shift to the CI/CD (Continuous Integration and Deployment) paradigm of Agile, DevOps culture for ongoing implementation. Such transformations are based on a variety of tools including open source. Most companies do use open source tools and repositories to build their applications, and those resources need to be carefully maintained and inspected for possible vulnerabilities in order to ensure security. When frameworks become more complex, the number of such open source libraries required to be managed by development and security teams increases.

Nexus IQ server.

Nexus IQ Server is an open source component based policy control engine that is powered by precise intelligence. This offers a range of tools in the software supply chain to improve the use of components, allowing to simplify and automate the procedures and achieve faster production speed while still maintaining product quality. Nexus IQ Server is the backbone of the threat policy management features used by the Nexus lifecycle and firewall products. These tools can enable development teams, security teams and companies to detect and minimize vulnerable open source libraries. Nexus lifecycle is the latest Nexus package introduced by Sonatype that scans binaries of applications for known vulnerabilities in open source libraries.

GitHub Enterprise

The on-premises version of GitHub.com is known as GitHub Enterprise. This makes shared coding feasible and exciting for teams designing large-scale enterprise applications. it comes with the same wonderful collection of tools as GitHub.com but designed for running on the local network of the company. All repository data is stored on the computers you manage, and you can access it through the built in authentication schemes (LDAP, SAML, or CAS) of the enterprise. GitHub Enterprise also provides support for pre-receiving hooks, a valuable tool that can help you enforce critical market guidelines, satisfy regulatory standards and avoid any undesired updates from occurring. GitHub Enterprise has two options: cloud hosting and self-hosting. In addition to the functionality provided with GitHub.com, GitHub  Enterprise provides enhanced security, regulation, and implementation controls, single sign-on authentication via SAML, SAML or SCIM access control.

An update to GitHub Enterprise Server enables clients to provide vulnerability warnings for the company’s cloud service, GitHub Connect. The company has also announced a vulnerability warning partnership with White Source, a research firm that monitors vulnerabilities in open source. GitHub will use its list of identified vulnerabilities to classify the dependencies on which to send alerts.

Comparison between Sonatype Nexus IQ Server Security vs Git Hub Enterprise Security

In this section we will provide the information how sonatype Nexus IQ server provides help against threats and vulnerabilities. Then we will compare it with the working of GitHub Enterprise Security.

Sonatype Nexus IQ Server Security Management

Sonatype Nexus platform provides three products, the repository manager, which is an enterprise-class artifact repository allowing you to cache your own packages, but also proxy any public repository such as you get in Maven. Nexus firewall provides you with the vulnerabilities information on those open source components your downloaded from public repositories, but as a name implies also allows you to block repositories from ever entering repository manager if they violate your policies. For those components which are already in your ecosystem being used by developers, part of your releases. They have developed a very excellent product Nexus life cycle. Life cycle provides information to developers about those components and how they rate against your company’s policies. Listing your CI your CDs stack providing again information and evaluating all those your nightly builds deployments and even stopping those processes from occurring if they violate your policies. They will even provide you information on new vulnerabilities on the part of the applications that you have already deployed. Both Nexus firewall and nexus lifecycle are fed by their intelligence agent in policy manager called Nexus IQ server. The Nexus IQ server comes pre-loaded with the customizable default set of policies which trigger against components which violate licensing, security and even architecture issues such as old age.

You can warn developers that they’re using components that have not passed basic risk levels. You can also stop processes from completing when they violate your policy so that you’re insured that what you’re releasing is a known state with all volume any vulnerabilities that you have Mitigated or understood. With the continuous modern feature, they have re-evaluated released applications to alert you of any new vulnerabilities that have surfaced for those components that are part of that application. Policy management is hierarchical and inheritance so that you can define policies at each of the root level, at a group level and application level; and each level inherits from its parent. when an evaluation completes a report is generated and stored in IQ server, where it displays a per application for each stage that it was put on that the report was generated for.

In a report, you first see a summary page that shows you the number of components that were identified and how many components violated critical, severe or moderate policies? Then there is a breakdown between security and Licensing analysis. Policy violations are grouped by policies that they violate, and those policies groupings are sorted by Threat Level. This is important because Threat Level is customizable item just like every other part of a policy so that if a component shows up at the top of this list because they violated High Threat Level policy That means that you have deemed it to be high risk for you. This is based on your own company’s policies as in risk assessment.

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The next policy is security High which means that these components that have violated security High policy have at least one vulnerability with a serious threat score. Information on the vulnerability that can be selected by the team of Security Experts take the output different sources and qualify the information so that if they returned they further qualify; so this is human curated data. They can verify that there are no false positives. They can investigate the issue, so they understand that and understand how it actually applies to the particular component and provide as much information as you need to be able to make an informed decision if you are unable to move to a cleaner version. If you need to know the details as; how you could be affected by a particular component and make a business decision whether or not how you’re going to remediate that. Instead of reading a whole bunch of white papers and blog posts Sonatype Nexus has done that research and provided it as an easily understandable format with even recommendations on how to remediating, what are your options along with a view on components grouped by policy will also give you a list of all vulnerability and security issues found and their components that have that have that particular issue sorted by Threat Level Up the issue.

Separating it from the threat level of the policy that it might trigger. So, you can see all your security issues regardless and how you’ve configured your policies and provide the same information for licensing analysis. Dashboard view collects all the information in the most recent scans across all applications within the organization and presents the information to allows you to be able to evaluate what threats do you have across your entire organization? You can filter that., we can also view all components which have are bringing the most risk and even evaluate which applications by themselves are bringing the most risk at which stage of development.

Git Hub Enterprise Security Management.

GitHub Enterprise is designed to support the app creation workflows in a safe and compliant way. It provides commit signing, access control, single SAML sign-on and audit records to keep the code secure over the entire lifecycle of development, from concept to delivery. Security starts with a secure log-in like many other things in technology domain. Simple passwords are like inexpensive locks that you use to secure the most valuable assets that your team has to offer. It can be difficult for administrators to follow login standards, but GitHub Enterprise can help with that. With GitHub Enterprise, certain login requirements must be met, and they also bring together a short guide on best practices for passwords and their security. First recommendation is to use a password manager to create and save the passwords, such as LastPass or 1Password. Both applications have options to assist with GitHub Enterprise second recommendation, which is to create a complex password combining numbers, characters, and symbols.

GitHub also increased its goal to address customer demands, introducing security updates to the GitHub framework and software to control and manage the usage of the application by employees. Alerts to security vulnerabilities are typically available on GitHub Enterprise Platform. These alerts provide companies running GitHub Enterprise Server with the same vulnerability alerts GitHub provides to its cloud users. Vulnerability alerts informs clients if there is a suspected vulnerability to a component of sensitive application. GitHub security advisories and security management tools provide maintainers a private place to review, patch, and post security advisories to the users. Developers can open requests for private releases, work on a patch and then send it to the main branch, so that all projects can be updated. It is done without pointing off would-be hackers to get ahead with malicious code and illegal activities.  The security policy functionality helps users to build one security policy for their enterprise and have it extended to each server automatically.

Other recent security capabilities of GitHub include Dependency Analytics on GitHub Business Cloud, which helps businesses to further monitor and track their open source dependencies via a dashboard, and a collaboration with WhiteSource to increase the amount of vulnerability data accessible to GitHub developers. GitHub Security Advisories relies on the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list (CVE) framework. GitHub is a CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) approved to assign numbers to the CVE identification. When you build a security alert for a public repository on GitHub, you have the option to include the security vulnerability with an existing CVE identifier amount. You should obtain a CVE identification number from GitHub if you don’t already have a CVE identification number for the security flaw in your software. It usually takes 72 hours or less to assign a CVE identifier number.

With Dependabot, GitHub has released a beta of its dependency management feature, which enables enterprises to provide a developer on demand to fix problems. When Dependabot sees a problem or dependency that is out of synchronization or needs upgrading, it generates pull requests. This informs a developer to address the problem, rather than needing a developer to chase and solve issues manually.

Also, GitHub has added many improvements to enterprise GitHub. Internal archives allow companies to hold internal databases only open to employees. This benefits organizations that follow internal source activities, such as open software initiatives, where developers cooperate. The GitHub registry supports developers’ common package management tools including npm for JavaScript, Maven for Java, RubyGems for Ruby, NuGet for .NET and Docker images. Certain GitHub Enterprise features provide fine-grained permissions that allow businesses to assign specific roles for access to repositories. The type of Enterprise account links companies across an enterprise and offers greater incentives for coordination with developers.

Features Nexus IQ server GitHub Enterprise
Products and support Nexus Firewall, Nexus lifecycle, Nexus auditor Standalone on-premises version of GitHub.com
CVE Management Nexus firewall provide you with the vulnerabilities information on those open source components your downloaded from public repositories, also allows you to block repositories from ever entering repository manager if they violate your policies. Provides constant monitoring and notifications of open source vulnerabilities in applications. Alerts to security vulnerabilities are typically available on GitHub Enterprise Platform. Vulnerability alerts informs clients if there is a suspected vulnerability to a component of sensitive application. GitHub itself is a CVE Numbering Authority (CNA) approved to assign numbers to the CVE identification. When you build a security alert for a public repository on GitHub, you have the option to include the security vulnerability with an existing CVE identifier amount
Security Advisories Important advisories of known security vulnerabilities in Sonatype products are listed at their website. It provides developers with security advisories throughout GitHub security advisories and security management tools provide maintainers a private place to review, patch, and post security advisories to the users. GitHub Security Advisories relies on the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list (CVE) framework.
Policy Management Nexus IQ Server is the backbone of the threat policy management features used by the Nexus lifecycle and firewall products. Policy management is hierarchical and inheritance so that you can define policies at each of the root level, at a group level and application level; and each level inherits from its parent. when an evaluation completes a report is generated and stored in IQ server, where it displays a per application for each stage that it was put on that the report was generated for. The security policy functionality helps users to build one security policy for their enterprise and have it extended to each server automatically. Enterprise owners can enforce certain repository management policies for all organizations owned by an enterprise account, or allow policies to be set in each organization.

Across all organizations owned by your enterprise account, you can set a default repository permission level (none, read, write, or admin) for organization members, or allow owners to administer the setting on the organization level.

Language and Package supports Sonatype IQ server supports almost all the common languages and packages including Java, Go, Scala, Javascript, C#, Python, Ruby, PHP, Swift, npm, Docker, Maven, PyPI, Yum, Gradle, cargo and many more. The GitHub registry supports developers’ common package management tools including npm for JavaScript, Maven for Java, RubyGems for Ruby, NuGet for .NET and Docker images. Certain GitHub Enterprise features provide fine-grained permissions that allow businesses to assign specific roles for access to repositories.