In an organization, there are many challenges associated with the building and running an information security program. On top of those overwhelming considerations are the multifaceted areas of authority, risk and regulatory compliance. One of the most efficient ways to build and retain these information security programs is to make use of a hybrid security framework. It should be customized to outline detailed security controls and regulatory requirements that impact the functioning of an organization. Here, we will explain the significance of Cyber Security and list some of the Top Cyber Security Frameworks.
What is Cyber Security?
Cyber Security is an arrangement of methods, technologies and practices that are specifically designed to protect computers, networks and crucial data from external and internal threats.
What is a Framework?
A framework is regarded as a distinct structure which can be re-used numerous times. Frameworks are base arrangements where organizations can repeatedly use systematic methodologies.
What is an Information Security Framework?
Most voluntary Frameworks consists of standards, guidelines, and best practices to manage cybersecurity-related risk. The Cybersecurity Framework’s prioritized, flexible, and cost-effective approach helps to promote the protection and resilience of critical infrastructure and other sectors important to the economy and national security.
Here is a list of common frameworks used in cyber security:
NIST SP 800-53
NIST SP 800-53 (National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-53) is a set of standards and instructions to help federal agencies and service providers meet the security control requirements laid down by the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA). The SP 800-53 instructions were shaped to improve the security of the information systems utilized within the federal government.
The NIST SP 800-53 makes available a list of controls that maintain the development of safe and expansive federal information systems. These controls are well-equipped, technological, and safeguards utilized by information systems to maintain the privacy and safety of federal information systems. The NIST SP 800-53 security control families constitute Access Control, Awareness, Accountability, Configuration Management, Authentication, Maintenance, Planning, Program Management, Risk Evaluation, Security Evaluation, and Information Reliability.
Compliance with NIST SP 800-53 is the most important component of FISMA fulfillment. It also assists to increase the security of your business’s information systems by providing a basic baseline for developing a safe organizational infrastructure. The main step in NIST fulfillment is understanding the threats posing on your confidential data and information systems.
ISO 27001 is a well-defined arrangement for an information security management system (ISMS). On the other hand, an ISMS is a framework of policies and methods that incorporate all technical controls engaged in a business’s information risk management practices. The main purpose for the development of ISO 27001 was to make available a model for instituting, executing, operating, monitoring and perking up an information security management system.
ISO 27001 helps to define a security policy and the capacity of the ISMS, carry out a risk evaluation, deal with identified risks and prepare a statement for controls to be executed. ISO 27001 standards do not control detailed information security controls, but it makes available a checklist of controls that should be well thought-out in the associated code of practice.
CompTIA (Computing Technology Industry Association) is known for its IT certification assessment. At the moment, CompTIA is often linked with education for networking, IT consideration, IT support, and helping members of the IT market keep on up to speed with the most up-to-date technology.
CompTIA certification assessments are on the basis of performance and need the candidate to exhibit working knowledge and realistic use of existing software and operating systems.
CompTIA A+ Certification – exhibits introductory IT skills across a range of devices and working systems.
CompTIA Network+ Certification – exhibits the skills required to design, organize, handle and troubleshoot various devices.
CompTIA Security+ Certification – exhibits the understanding of best practices in IT network security.
CompTIA offers universal corroboration of knowledge and skills needed to organize and utilize cyber-threat detection tools, execute data analysis and understand the results to identify dangers and risks to an organization.
The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) assists organizations to develop, acquire, and maintain reliable software applications. It was originally created as a plan to define an industry- typical testing method for the safety of web applications. Security experts can integrate OWASP recommendations into their business work. Security merchants can support merchandise and services on OWASP standards. Consumers can utilize the standards as a foundation for analyzing applications or services they make the most of.
OWASP is a responsive document for web application protection. The list stands for an accord among top security experts regarding the peak software risks for web applications. These risks are based on the incidence of exposed security defects, the sternness of the vulnerabilities, and the enormity of their prospective business impact.
The primary step toward accomplishing security measures is planning them well in-advance. The SANS Institute has created vital security controls that businesses should put into operation. They take account of some noticeable steps, such as getting an all-inclusive inventory of all network devices, executing secure hardware arrangements, in addition to data recovery.
SANS offers security control implementation steps like Inventory of Network Devices, Inventory of Network Software, Secure Configurations for Hardware on Servers, incessant Vulnerability Evaluation Malware Threats, Application Software Security, Data Recovery Capability and Secure Configurations for Different Network Devices.
SANS is one of the best security frameworks which incorporate high-quality aspects of business practices into IT organization, control, and security.
SSCP is a renowned global IT security certification offering instantaneous reliability. It’s an exceptional way to develop your cyber security knowledge. It helps particularly if you’re in an operational information technology role or you’re building an establishment in the information security system. The SSCP illustrates you have the technological skills to execute, check and administer IT infrastructure security policies and methods. You’re trained in looking after the privacy, reliability and ease of use of data. SSCP is almost certainly the most familiar and well-liked security certification today.
PCI DSS or the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard is a set of security regulations formulated by Visa, MasterCard, American Express and related financial unions. The fulfillment scheme intends to secure debit and credit card transactions against fraud and threat. It is a prerequisite for any business that processes debit or credit card transactions. PCI certification is the top way to protect sensitive data and helps businesses build long-term and faithful relationships with their customers.
PCI DSS certification makes sure the safety of card data at your organization through a set of conditions laid down by the PCI SSC. These incorporate installation of firewalls, utilization of anti-virus software and encryption of data transmissions. PCI-compliant protection provides a helpful asset that updates customers that your business is secure to deal with.
A data breach that exposes susceptible customer information is prone to have severe consequences on a project. After understanding a breach, an organization may have to pay higher ensuing charges than the original cost of security fulfillment.
Each framework has its own pros and cons but organizations can leverage these standards to build a more secure environment that can be easily audited and maintained as it grows. There is not one security framework that we consider the best so enterprises much choose the model that will suit their business needs and help mitigate risk that aligns best with their operating model.