Easy Read Time: 4 Minutes
When using Windows 10 Operating system you need to follow some suggestions listed below to stay safe from hackers, any sort of malware and viruses. This would give you a smoother online browsing experience all the time by keeping all your private data protected. Here is the complete guide on Securing Windows 10 from Malware.
Table of Content +
- 1 Turn off the automatic login for Windows 10
- 2 Activate firewall on your Windows 10 PC
- 3 Deactivate remote access
- 4 Incorporate a password with the screensaver
- 5 Install and Enable antivirus software programs
- 6 Activate the system for automatic updates on your operating system
- 7 Enable data encryption
- 8 Enable backup for files
- 9 Incorporate a password manager
Turn off the automatic login for Windows 10
This is one of the basic settings that you need to keep a check on. The user account on your PC with Windows 10 installed on it set by default to automatically log in at startup. If you do need to keep any important private data than this might not be a big concern for you but just in case you carry a laptop with important data of your company or any other such private data, this could be a very important concern. While using the internet in public places, the security risks associated with the privacy of the data in your laptop becomes an even bigger concern.
Few steps can be followed to turn off the automatic login setting and they are briefly described below:
Click on Win+R, and then entre “netplwiz”. This will open the “user accounts window”. Look up in options for “enter user name and password for this computer”. Click “apply”. Restart your computer to check if the setting has been applied. The window will this time now ask for a password to login to the PC. https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_10-other_settings/how-to-stop-auto-login-of-last-user-windows-10/1ce4b352-0856-40c0-87a8-2f8ef299007d is the link to information (by Microsoft Community) for turning off auto login for Windows 10.
Activate firewall on your Windows 10 PC
Network firewalls prevent the access of malicious internet users, particularly intranets. All the messages being exchanged are passed through the firewall first and the message that does not meet up the security criteria would get blocked.
For the latest Windows Operating system versions firewall is a network security system that is already built-in. It is a good idea to keep a check if either the firewall has not been disabled. The detailed instructions to turn on the firewall in Windows 10 OS can be checked here: https://support.microsoft.com/en-in/help/4012988/windows-10-firewall-network-protection-windows-security.
Deactivate remote access
The remote access feature needs to be turned off necessarily because criminals and malicious users can gain access to the personal information stored on your database. If the remote access is turned on, anyone can connect to your computer and take control of your system. To deactivate remote access on Windows 10:
In the Cortana search box, type “remote settings” and then select “Allow remote access” which would result in a control panel dialog, where you can click “ don’t allow remote connections” to disable remote access. The detail of step by step procedure to disable remote access for Windows 10 PC can be found here: https://www.windowscentral.com/how-disable-remote-assistance-windows-10.
Incorporate a password with the screensaver
The “Appearances and Personalization” section in the control panel of your PC you can find security setting to lock your computer, once you have stopped using it for a certain time. You can choose the time for the screen server to be locked once you have been inactive.
Install and Enable antivirus software programs
Windows 10 contains some built-in tools for protection from viruses and malicious users; however, some additional software for antiviruses can also be installed. Different types of scans for threats and viruses can be performed in the “Windows Security” section.
The step by step procedure to secure the Windows 10 PC from threats and viruses is explained in https://support.microsoft.com/en-in/help/4012987/windows-10-virus-threat-protection-windows-security.
Activate the system for automatic updates on your operating system
To secure your system, you need to update the security policy too and that requires some crucial fixes to be performed at regular intervals. For this purpose, security updates should be installed on your PC. There are two options, you can install updates by yourself or your IT Company may be responsible for updating your Windows operating system.
The following steps should be followed to automatically update windows settings:
- Click on the “Start” button and go to settings.
- Choose the “Update and Security” option in settings.
- From options available on the left side click on “Windows update”.
- From there go to “Advanced Options” a window will appear labeled as “Choose how are updates installed”.
- Select the option of “Automatic Updates”
Further detailed information can be obtained from clicking on the following link: https://www.cyber.gov.au/publications/step-by-step-guide-turning-on-automatic-updates-for-windows-10.
Enable data encryption
Data encryption is important to protect your data as it is available on numerous Windows devices. When data encryption is turned on, only a certain group of authorized people can access the data. You can encrypt the data on the entire drive by turning on Bitlocker. This would fix a password and provide the users with the recovery key. Further information about step by step process for data encryption in Windows 10 can be obtained from https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4502379/windows-10-device-encryption.
Enable backup for files
It is possible anytime that a virus enters your PC and cause serious harm to your hard drive. This would result in losing all the important data that was stored on your hard drive. Windows 10 is equipped with such tools that make data backup easier for you. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4027408/windows-10-backup-and-restore lists some step by step details to restore your lost data.
For file backup file history can be used and a recovery drive can be created to restore for image backup.
- From Start Menu> Settings> Update and Security> Backup section> Backup using fie history & Add a drive option > (Click the plus sign).
- After this when you return to the backup section you will see “Automatically Backup my Files” rather than “Add a drive option”.
- Click the “Back up now” option otherwise in an hour file history will automatically create a backup by default.
Incorporate a password manager
Dashlane, Keeper, 1Password, Lastpass are some of the password managers you might have possibly heard of. Password managers provide you with some complicated settings and options for making a password for your operating system so that it becomes a critical task for the malicious user to crack your password. Common and easy passwords can be easily guessed, and hackers might find it easier to steal your professional, personal and financial information.
- To make password hacking complicated, you need to make a master password that would control your entire password database.
- When you visit any website, chose a username, the password manager would automatically create a password for you and store the information in the database.
- Whenever you visit the website for the next time, you will need to first login to the password manager which will fill your login information automatically in password and username fields.
You can find detailed information regarding best password managers by clicking on this link: https://www.malwarefox.com/best-password-managers/