Differences, Benefits, and Drawbacks

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Given ongoing technological advances and ever-changing company demands, software development projects can be extremely challenging. When it comes to project management, there are plenty of strategies, frameworks, and philosophies to choose from, but they all fall into one of two camps: Agile vs. waterfall. Anyone participating in product development, organizational transformation, program management, or practically any other formal project should know what these two techniques are and how they vary. Agile and waterfall methodologies are frequently seen as irreversible forks on the road for every project. It’s difficult to change the track for a project once you’ve chosen one, so don’t make this decision lightly. That’s not to suggest Agile and waterfall can’t live in the same organization, but for a given project, it’s typically a “one-or-the-other” decision. The idea is to not just come up with ideas fast and effectively, but to execute them correctly the first time around. That’s why having a well-defined project approach in place is critical for development teams. Project managers may efficiently manage the complexity and diversity of IT and software systems and limit the risk of costly rework by using a structured framework to drive the project and benchmark success.

Agile Model for Project Management

Agile project management is an iterative method to project delivery that emphasizes continuous releases incorporating client feedback. The flexibility to make changes during each iteration encourages speed and adaptability. This differs from a linear, waterfall project management style, which follows a predetermined course with little or no room for deviation. Agile enables the freedom to adjust and iterate during the development process, which is critical for today’s customers and businesses that want rapid responses and modifications. Agile project management is also a key component of DevOps approaches, which bring together development and operations teams.


Speed: Functional software can be supplied promptly and consistently.

Flexibility: The approach adapts to changes as they happen, allowing for rapid client input that can be incorporated into the next version.

Predictability: Project schedules are easy to forecast since each phase has a set duration.

Focused on value: Development is frequently more value-focused, which aids in meeting specific end-user requirements.


Continuous testing is required throughout the project, putting a strain on resources and raising expenses.

Collaboration: Frequent customer participation might extend the time and cost of implementation.

Complexity of the scope: Agile development’s iterative nature can make defining the project scope difficult, making it difficult to estimate fixed-priced projects.

Waterfall Model for Project Management

On the other hand, waterfall project management is an “old school” method of project management. There are well-defined stages with structured hand-offs from one to the next throughout the project’s life cycle. Furthermore, each step’s requirements are met before moving on to the next. Although a waterfall environment contains dates and timetables, each stage and project last until it is completed; unless the rollout initiative was specifically built to be in phases with several projects that build on one another. In a good waterfall environment, stakeholders do not “throw it over the wall,” passing responsibility to the holder of the next phase. It is, however, primarily a linear process that begins with requirements and ends with the project’s ultimate release or completion.


Good Documentation: Each phase requires thorough documentation, which makes it easier to reuse code from prior projects and build a solid foundation for future projects.

Strict Deadlines: It’s easier to predict expenses and stick to deadlines when there’s a clear beginning point and a consistent review procedure for each phase.

Well-organized: Projects that are well defined and have sequential workflows make status updates to all project stakeholders simpler.


Modification is difficult: Modifications and upgrades might be difficult and costly to execute since testing and feedback do not occur until late in the project.

Insufficient supervision: Designers can’t always predict challenges that may develop throughout the implementation phase since requirements are often unclear when a project is started.

Delivery Speed: When needs change, the project must be restarted from the beginning with completely new code due to the sequential approach.

Differences in Agile and Waterfall strategies

Waterfall, with its linear approach and explicit requirements, appears to take less time and provide more control than Agile, which sometimes involves several iterations. To some extent, this is correct. Agile, on the other hand, allows products to be introduced earlier since they are properly tested, speeding up time-to-market and revenue generation. In terms of comparing Waterfall vs Agile methodologies, none is inherently superior. In some cases, one technique will be more relevant and valuable than the other, depending on the scope and complexity of your software project.

When should you use the agile method?

  • Product quality is less important than speed of production.
  • Customers have the option to change the scope of the project.
  • There is no clear picture of what the final product should look like.
  • You have adaptable, experienced developers who can think for themselves.
  • The product is designed for a market with fast-changing standards or requirements.

When should you use the waterfall method?

  • The design and attributes of the final product are clearly specified and established.
  • Customers will not be allowed to change the scope of the project after it has begun.
  • It is more important to define a product than it is to get it to market quickly.


To conclude, Agile and Waterfall are two distinct project management approaches that are best suited for different project types. Waterfall may be the greatest match if you have a clear understanding of the project outcomes from the start. When a project must comply with strict regulations, the waterfall technique is preferable since it demands deliverables for each step before moving on to the next. Agile, on the other hand, is better suited to teams who want to move quickly, experiment with direction, and have no idea how the end project will appear before they begin. Agile is adaptable, and it necessitates a collaborative and self-motivated workforce, as well as frequent progress updates from business owners and stakeholders.